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What’s My Skin Type?

Knowing what your skin type is matters for finding what skin care products to choose for your daily routine. When you use formulations or ingredients that conflict with your skin type, this may result in irritation. Skin type depends on the amount of sebum (oil) that your skin produces to seal in moisture. The American Academy of Dermatology recognizes five skin types: normal, oily, combination, dry, and sensitive.

You can determine what skin type you have with a simple test. However, if you are unsure, you can see a dermatologist to get clarification. They can also recommend specific products to enhance your at-home skin care routine.

How to Determine Your Skin Type

You can usually tell what your skin type is by doing the 30-minute skin test. The first step involves washing your face to remove any makeup or skin care products you previously had on. You can then leave your skin bare for 30 minutes and avoid touching it.

Afterward, you can look at your skin in the mirror:

  • If your skin looks without flakey or oily areas, you likely have normal skin
  • If your skin looks shiny, you likely have oily skin
  • If your skin only looks shiny in specific areas, especially your T-zone (nose, chin, forehead), you likely have combination skin
  • If your skin shows flakey areas, you likely have dry skin

If you have sensitive skin, your skin may look red or irritated, but the 30-minute skin test may not be as effective to confirm this skin type.

Normal Skin

Normal skin usually means your tone is even and your skin shows few or no imperfections. Your pores are barely visible, and you experience no particular sensitivity to products. Thanks to your adequate sebum levels, a regular skin care regimen and a balanced diet are usually enough to maintain your complexion.

Oily Skin

This skin type is especially common in teenagers due to hormonal changes although adults may have oily skin too. It usually involves shiny skin, blemishes such as whiteheads or blackheads, and visible pores. Oily skin happens when your skin produces excess sebum which can increase your risk of developing acne.

Combination Skin

When you have this common skin type, you generally have an oily T-zone with enlarged pores and an oily nose, forehead, and chin, while your neck and cheeks can be dry. Different parts of your face may require different skin care products to even out your complexion and keep your skin healthy.

Dry Skin

Dry skin lacks natural moisture which can result in a flakey, red, or rough texture. You can also experience regular irritation. Additional factors such as genes, weather, hormones, or certain skin care ingredients can make things worse. Moisturizing your skin is vital for this skin type and keeps it youthful and smooth.

Sensitive Skin

Certain fragrances, skin care or laundry detergent ingredients, and foods can lead to inflammation, irritation, itching, or redness with this skin type. Understanding your triggers when you have sensitive skin can make a positive difference in taking care of it. Hypoallergenic products can help avoid dermatological reactions.

While other skin types are based on your skin’s production of sebum, sensitive skin depends on your reactions to specific factors. If you have skin conditions like rosacea, this may also impact your skin if it is sensitive. If you are not sure what triggers your skin sensitivity, seeing a dermatologist can help you.

Call Advanced Dermatology Center today at (818) 284-4003 or fill out our online form to schedule a consultation in Burbank!